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Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA): Diagnosis, Symptoms and Causes

Iron deficiency anaemia

Due to the change in the modern diet, it has become easy to get anaemia, Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) is one of the most common diseases, especially among children.

People usually get anaemia when the haemoglobin level in the blood is low, which has many causes.

Iron contributes to the production of red blood cells responsible for transporting food and oxygen to the cells of the body, without iron the body cannot manufacture adequate quantities of them, which causes this type of disease.

To treat this disease, it may be necessary to supplement food containing mainly iron or change the diet completely if necessary.

Iron Deficiency Anaemia Diagnosis

Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is diagnosed by blood tests that must include a complete blood count (CBC).

Additional tests may be ordered to assess serum ferritin and iron levels and iron or transferrin binding capacity.

In a person with iron deficiency anaemia, these tests usually show the following results:

  • Haemoglobin and haematocrit is low 
  • Mean cell volume (MCV) is low 
  • Ferritin is low
  • serum iron is low 
  • transferrin rate is high
  • Iron content is low 

In severe iron deficiency, the white blood cell count is low and the platelet count is low or high.

Symptoms of IDA

The patient may not notice any symptoms of iron deficiency until it decreases to very low levels.

Symptoms of Iron deficiency anaemia include:

  • Extreme tiredness
  • Pallor  skin
  • Chest pain, fast heartbeat, or shortness of breath
  • Headache, dizziness, or dizziness
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Tongue infections
  • Brittle nails
  • Poor appetite, especially in infants and children who have IDA

Iron deficiency anaemia causes

Haemoglobin gives blood its red colour and helps red blood cells carry oxygen-rich blood in the human body.

Anaemic patients mainly suffer from insufficient amounts of haemoglobin, so they experience the above symptoms.

Causes of iron deficiency anaemia include:

Blood loss

When a person loses large amounts of blood, this causes the loss of large amounts of iron and haemoglobin mainly.

Women are more likely than men to develop anaemia in general, due to the blood they lose during menstruation and post-partum.

Anaemia may also be an indication of internal bleeding in the gut or other organs within the body

Bad diet

Iron from food is the main source on which the body relies heavily.

Therefore, a person must maintain a balanced diet that contains all the nutrients necessary for the body

Inability to absorb iron

Due to one disease or another in the gut, iron absorption may be inhibited in one way or another.

Also, much of the iron is not absorbed when surgical procedures such as removal of parts of the intestine or sleeve gastrectomy are performed.

 Iron-rich foods

  • Meat: Beef, or lamb, especially organ meats such as the liver.
  • Poultry: chicken, turkey and duck, especially liver and dark meat.
  • Fish especially oysters and sardines.
  • Green leaves such as green cabbage including broccoli and kale.
  • Grains like green peas and kidney beans.

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